The full moon
day of May is known as the Vesak Day. The Buddha was born, attained the
Enlightenment and passed away on the Vesak Day.
The month of May is known as “Vaisakha” in Sanskrit language and “Vesakha” in Pali language and “Vesak” in Singhalese language.So for Sri Lankans and many other Buddhists Vesak Day mean the full moon day of May. Thai people know the same day as “Visakha Day”. By the United Nations it is recognized as the “Vesak Day”.
On the Indian
borders of present Nepal in the Lumbini park at Kapilavatthu a
noble prince was born on the full moon day of May, in the year 623 B. C. His
father was king Suddhodana and mother was Queen Mahamaya. The
newborn prince was named as Siddhartha. His family name was Gautama.
When he was 29 years old, he gave up his palaces, kingdom and everything and renounced the worldly pleasures in search of the truth. Then as an acetic He went to many well-known religious masters. By that He came to know that neither their methods nor practices led to final liberation or Nirvana. So He left them all and practiced the
The Buddha was not a god, a messenger of a god or a son of a godHe was a man. To attain this Buddha hood he fulfilled ten Paramitas or Perfections. Namely Generosity (Dana), Morality (Sila), Renunciation (Nekkhamma)), Wisdom (Panna), Energy (Viriya), Patience (Kanti), Truthfulness (Sacca), Determination (Adhitthana), Loving-kindness (Metta), and Equanimity (Upekkha). In millions and millions of his past lives he practiced those ten perfections in order to attain the Buddha hood. With the attainment of the Buddha hood He came to be the teacher for gods and humans. There upon He wandered preaching the doctrine or the Dharma showing the way to get rid of birth and death circle of Samara out of compassion towards all the beings including human, divine, and Brahma beings.
When He was 80
years old He passed away on the full moon day of May in the Sala Grove of the
Mallas between the twin Sala trees. His last advise
was “all component things are subject to change. Strive on with diligence”.
Today His teaching is called Buddhism. To propagate it no one was converted by force and also for that purpose not a drop of a blood was shed, during the Buddhist history of 2549 years. So on this full moon day of May too all the Buddhists and Buddhist friends celebrate the birth, the attaining to the Enlightenment and passing away of the Buddha by practicing generosity, morality and meditation.